ANSWER TO QUESTION 2:
(a) Power is the rate at which heat is transferred and has units of watts (joules per second). In our analogy this is represented by the flow of water (litres per second)
(b) the temperature is the parameter which is adjusted to control the heat flow. In our analogy this is represented by the height of the water in the bath (the height controls the pressure of water and hence the rate at which water leaves the bath through the plug hole).
(c) the internal heat is a measure of the
stored energy. In the case of the bath this is
represented by the amount of stored water
Question 3: In terms of heat (rather than water) how are:
represented in this analogy?